10 Rules which makes photography look better

It may sound clichéd, but the only rule in photography is that there are no rules. However, there are are number of established composition guidelines which can be applied in almost any situation, to enhance the impact of a scene.

These guidelines will help you take more compelling photographs, lending them a natural balance, drawing attention to the important parts of the scene, or leading the viewer’s eye through the image.

Once you are familiar with these composition tips, you’ll be surprised at just how universal most of them are. You’ll spot them everywhere, and you’ll find it easy to see why some photos “work” while others feel like simple snapshots.


1. Rule of thirds

Imagine that your image is divided into nine equal segments by two vertical and two horizontal lines. Try to position the most important elements in your scene along these lines or at the points where they intersect. Doing so will add balance and interest to your photo.

Notice how the building and horizon are aligned along rule-of-thirds lines. Image by Trey Ratcliff.

2. Balancing elements

Placing your main subject off centre, as with the rule of thirds, creates a more interesting photo, but it can leave a void in the scene which can make it feel empty. You should balance the “weight” of your subject by including another object of lesser importance to fill the space.

Here, the visual “weight” of the road sign is balanced by the building on the other side of the shot. Image by Shannon Kokoska.

3. Leading lines

When we look at the photo our eye is naturally drawn along lines. By thinking about how you place lines in your composition, you can affect the way we view the image, pulling us into the picture, towards the subject, or on a journey “through” the scene.

The road in this photo draws your eye through the scene. Image by Pierre Metivier.

4. Viewpoint

The viewpoint has a massive impact on the composition of our photo, and as a result it can greatly affect the message that the shot conveys. Rather than just shooting from the eye level, consider photographing from high above, down at ground level, from the side, from the back, from a long way away from very close up and so on.

The unusual viewpoint chosen here creates an intriguing and slightly abstract photo.

5. Background

The human eye is excellent at distinguishing between different elements in a scene. Whereas a camera has a tendency to flatten the foreground and background and this can often ruin an otherwise great photo. Thankfully this problem is usually easy to overcome at the time of shooting – look around for a plain and unobtrusive background and compose your shot so that it does not distract or detract from the subject.violinist

The plain background in this composition ensures nothing distracts from the subject. Image by Philipp Naderer.

6. Symmetry and patterns

We are surrounded by symmetry and patterns, both natural and man- made, they can make for very eye catching compositions, particularly in situations where they are not expected. Another great way to use them to break the symmetry or pattern in some way, introducing tension and focal point to the scene.

The symmetry of this chapel is broken by the bucket in the bottom right corner. Image by Fabio Montalto.

7. Depth

Depth can be created in a photo by including objects in the foreground, middle ground and background. Another useful composition technique is overlapping where you deliberately partially obscure one object with another, the human eye naturally recognises these layers and mentally separates them out, creating more depth.

Emphasise your scene’s depth by including interesting subjects at varying distances from the camera. Image by Jule Berlin.

8. Framing

The world is full of objects which make perfect natural frames, such as trees, archways and holes. By placing these around the edge of the composition you help to isolate the main subject from the outside world. The result is a more focused image which draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest.

Here, the surrounding hills form a natural frame, and the piece of wood provides a focal point. Image by Sally Crossthwaite.

9. Cropping

By cropping tight around the subject you eliminate the background “noise”, ensuring the subject gets the viewers undivided attention.

Cut out all unnecessary details to keep keep the viewer’s attention focused on the subject.

10. Experimentation

With the dawn of digital age in photography we no longer have to worry about the film processing costs out of shots. As the result, experimenting with our photo’s composition has become a real possibility: we can fire off ton of shots and delete the unwanted ones later at absolutely no extra cost. Take advantage of this fact and experiment with your composition- you never know whether an idea will work until you try it.tree-golden-field.jpg

Digital photography allows us to experiment with different compositions until we find the perfect one.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s